ES proposal: Object.entries() and Object.values()

[2015-11-20] dev, javascript, esnext, es proposal
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The following ECMAScript proposal is at stage 4: “Object.values/Object.entries” by Jordan Harband. This blog post explains it.


This method has the following signature:

Object.entries(value : any) : Array<[string,any]>

If a JavaScript data structure has keys and values then an entry is a key-value pair, encoded as a 2-element Array. Object.entries(x) coerces x to an Object and returns the entries of its enumerable own string-keyed properties, in an Array:

> Object.entries({ one: 1, two: 2 })
[ [ 'one', 1 ], [ 'two', 2 ] ]

Properties, whose keys are symbols, are ignored:

> Object.entries({ [Symbol()]: 123, foo: 'abc' });
[ [ 'foo', 'abc' ] ]

Object.entries() finally gives us a way to iterate over the properties of an object (read here why objects aren’t iterable by default):

let obj = { one: 1, two: 2 };
for (let [k,v] of Object.entries(obj)) {
    console.log(`${JSON.stringify(k)}: ${JSON.stringify(v)}`);
// Output:
// "one": 1
// "two": 2

Setting up Maps via Object.entries()  

Object.entries() also lets you set up a Map via an object. This is more concise than using an Array of 2-element Arrays, but keys can only be strings.

let map = new Map(Object.entries({
    one: 1,
    two: 2,
    // [["one",1],["two",2]]

FAQ: Object.entries()  

  • Why is the return value of Object.entries() an Array and not an iterator?
    The relevant precedent in this case is Object.keys(), not, e.g., Map.prototype.entries().

  • Why does Object.entries() only return the enumerable own string-keyed properties?
    Again, this is done to be consistent with Object.keys(). That method also ignores properties whose keys are symbols. Eventually, there may be a method Reflect.ownEntries() that returns all own properties.


Object.values() has the following signature:

Object.values(value : any) : Array<any>

It works much like Object.entries(), but, as its name suggests, it only returns the values of the own enumerable string-keyed properties:

> Object.values({ one: 1, two: 2 })
[ 1, 2 ]